Listen to the Bank of England

The Bank of England has recently highlighted “risks of adverse spill-overs to the global economy” from a Brexit vote, and flagged up concerns about pressure on sterling, in addition to worries it had already voiced. It may be no surprise that supporters of Vote Leave are keen for these not to be heard.

Bank of England Govenor, Mark Carney
Bank of England Govenor, Mark Carney

There was a quite surreal segement on the Today Programme on 16 June, when Bernard Jenkin, of Vote Leave, was interviewed and attacked Bank of England Govenor Mark Carney for (as he saw it) breaking the purdah rules that prevent civil servants and publicly-funded bodies speaking out on the referendum, and David Cameron was quoted as saying this was an attack on the Bank’s independence.


It took a while to work out what the actual story was. When it came, it transpired that the Monetary Policy Committee of the Bank had expressed concerns including that Brexit:

  • is the largest immediate financial risk facing global markets;
  • risks “adverse spill-overs to the global economy”
  • could materially alter the outlook for [economic] output and inflation;
  • would lead to a technical recession (at least two quarters of negative growth);
  • would lead to the pound falling heavily;
  • would undermine the housing market;
  • has already led to businesses postponing investment.

Carney’s point is that saying these things don’t break the purdah rules as the committee reports regularly and what it says is public knowledge. Part of the deal when it was made independent by Gordon Brown two decades ago was that the Bank report regularly, regardless of whether this suited the needs of politicians. It would have been interference in the referendum debate if it did not report as usual. That also gives its words some authority precisely because of their independence. We should take note of the concern they are highlighting.

Coming on top of previous strong warnings and concern about recession from Carney this should make the proponents of Brexit stop and think.

If Jenkin had offered grounds to question the Bank’s interpretation we would be in a different place. Without those, the sense was of an admission that the Bank is right, and therefore being attact for daring to speak.

Ignoring the Bank’s warnings is rash. Getting angry because it makes them feels as foolish as someone who reacts to a cancer diagnosis by getting angry with the doctor for giving bad news, rather than engaging with the treatment that might save their life.

This feels as if Vote Leave is crying “project fear” whenever evidence is advanced which shows that Brexit would be harmful, rather than offering any grounds to doubt that evidence.

The Bank of England seems to be being scrupulously careful to act with the impartiality and objectivity that goes with the role of a central bank. We should heed its words.

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